16 July, 2011

THAATS


THAATS

According to Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande (1860-1936), one of the most influential musicologists in the field of North Indian classical music in the twentieth century, each one of the several traditional Raagas is based on, or is a variation of, ten basic thaats, or musical scales or frameworks.



Rules for these Thaats:

1.     A thaat must have seven notes out of the twelve notes [Seven Shuddha, Four komal (Re, Ga, Dha, Ni), one teevra (Ma)], placed in an ascending order. Both the forms of the notes can be used.

2.     A thaat has only an Aaroha.

3.     Thaats are not sung but the Raagas produced from the Thaats are sung.

4.     Thaats are named after the most popular Raaga of that Thaat.



The 10 basic thaats according to the Bhatkhande System (in order of simplicity) are as follows:

S #
INDIAN NAME
WESTERN NAME
SCALE
DESCRIPTION
RAAGAS (in a-z order)
1.    
Bilaval
Ionian
S R G m P D N S’
·         Most basic - all swaras shuddha / in natural scale.
·         Bilaval as a Raaga not rendered these days.
2.    
Khamaj
Mixolydian
S R G m P D n S’
·         Replace N of Bilawal thaat with n
3.    
Kafi
Dorian
S R g m P D n S’
·         Add g to Khamaj Thaat
4.    
Asavari
Aeolian
S R g m P d n S’
·         Add d to Kafi thaat
5.    
Bhairavi
Phyrgian
S r g m P d n S’
·         All komal swaras, r g d n.
·         Bhairavi,
·         Bhupali Todi,
·         Bilaskhani Todi,
·         Kaunsi Kanada (combination of malkauns and darbari),
·         Komal Rishabh Asavari,
·         Malkauns
6.    
Bhairav
None
S r G m P d N S’
·         Komal r and d.  (bhairavi thaat minus komal g & n)
·         Ahir-Bhairav,
·         Bhairav,
·         Gauri,
·         Gunkali,
·         Jogiya,
·         Kalingada,
·         Meghranjani,
·         Nat Bhairav,
·         Ramkali,
·         Vibhas (When rendered with Komal D, falls under Bhairav Thaat).
7.    
Kalyan
Lydian
S R G M P D N S’
·         Teevra Madhyam

8.    
Marwa
None
S r G M P D N S’
·         Add r to Kalyan thaat.

·         Bhankar,
·         Bhatiyaar,
·         Bibhas / Vibhas,
·         Lalit When rendered with Shuddha D, falls under Marwa Thaat,
·         Marwa,
·         Puriya Kalyan,
·         Puriya,
·         Sohini,
9.    
Poorvi
None
S r G M P d N S’
·         Add d to Marwa thaat.
·         In lalit, r and d are Komal; M both Teevra and Shuddha. P not used. All other notes are Shuddha. When rendered with Shuddha D, Lalit also falls under Marwa Thaat.
·         Basant
·         Gauri,
·         Lalit,
·         Paraj,
·         Poorvi,
·         Puriya Dhanashri
·         Shree
10.  
Todi
None
S r g M P d N S’
·         Add g to Purvi thaat - King of all thaats.
·         Gujari Todi,
·         Lilavati,
·         Madhuvanti,
·         Miyan Ki Todi,
·         Multani.
·         Todi


The Ten Thats (Thaats)


Bilawal
Listen to Bilawal

Khammaj
Listen to Khammaj

Kafi
Listen to Kafi

Asawari
Listen to Asawari

Bhairavi
Listen to Bhairavi

Bhairav
Listen to Bhairav

Kalyan
Listen to Kalyan

Marwa
Listen to Marwa

Purvi
Listen to Purvi

Todi
Listen to Todi

more info at: http://blog.sangtar.com/?p=203



1 comment:

Mohan Chandra Joshi said...

You have done a labour of love in bringing out the intricacies of Hindustani Classical Music in a most readable and tabular form which is easier to understand for an inquisitive layman and will kindle the desire to know more about the rich tradition of our music in them.The blog is most informative and I appreciate the sincere effort done by you in the matter. My best wishes.